Gynecology

HORMONAL DISORDERS IN WOMEN
DR. LOURDES ALCANTARA
It is clear that stress has become the great evil of today’s society. Although the problem affects both sexes, in the case of women the disorders are even greater, since hormonal changes also occur. These changes can induce alterations in the menstrual cycle, problems in sexual desire and even amenorrhea (lack or disappearance of menstruation), which if associated with low levels of estrogens for a very long period can cause bone decalcification and atrophy of the genital organs .
Thus, they are exposed to high demands on a daily basis both at work and at home and with their children, experiencing high levels of chronic stress. ”
Biologically, what happens is that the level of stress hormones remains elevated throughout the day, which in turn causes the appearance of
physical symptoms such as headaches, contractures, intestinal or heart problems, and even a drop in the immune system.
This syndrome of chronic stress, as it is called, causes other types of psychological symptoms such as anxiety, frustration, irritability, anxiety, depression or chronic fatigue.
So far, everything is extensible to stress in general, be it female or male, but in the case of women the situation worsens by affecting hormonal levels.
Hormonal changes in menstrual cycles
“Alterations in the menstrual cycle are one of the problems that women with high levels of tension present, and a cycle that has always operated ‘like clockwork’ can make irregular.”
The physiological change modifies the release of a hormone, GnRH, (Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is produced from cells in the hypothalamus. It is then released into small blood vessels that carry the hormone to the pituitary gland. As a consequence , the pituitary gland produces luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH).
responsible for regulating these cycles, which occurs at the brain level and is affected when there is a high level of stress.
Effects of stress on sexual intercourse
Situations of anxiety and high levels of worry cause tension and hinder the mechanisms of sexual response. “In a physical way it manifests itself in various ways, highlighting the lack of vaginal lubrication”, the specialist details.
Stress lowers fertility
Severe stress produces amenorrhea, which disrupts the female reproductive system. Other associated risk factors are the poor diet that these women get used to and the delay in childbearing above 35 years of age. At that age, cycles without ovulation appear more frequently and the percentage of spontaneous pregnancies decreases.
sleeping problems and weak immune systems.
However, stress affects women in other ways as well.
• Headaches and migraines. general pains in the body.
• Depression and anxiety. twice as likely as men to have symptoms of depression, anxiety, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, or obsessive compulsive disorder.12
• Heart problems.
• increase blood pressure and heart rate.
• Stomach ache. diarrhea or vomiting Long-term stress can lead to bowel syndrome,
• Obesity. cortisol increases, which can cause you to overeat and store fat.
• Problems getting pregnant.
• Problems in the menstrual cycle. symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS
• Decreased sexual desire. take longer to get excited
• less sexual desire
• appearance and health of our skin.
Irritation, acne and skin diseases.
• our body releases histamine, which is related to the allergic response. adrenaline and cortisol, which cause hormonal imbalances and weaken our immune system. These imbalances end up causing the appearance of
• itching and redness, hives,
• wounds or pinkish.
• herpes and fever, dermatitis and psoriasis
• uncontrolled oil production in the skin, causing small pimples to appear,
• PREMATURE AGING
• cortisol produces break down collagen and elastin
• wrinkles and fine lines.
• destroys hyaluronic acid and damages DNA
• bags and dark circles
• Cell regeneration,
• Loss of elasticity.
• Flaccidity.
• Dull skin.
• Stains.
• Vitiligo
• pale and dull skin, decreases melatonin synthesis
Stress is a defense mechanism that our body has to guarantee its survival. Cortisol releases energy in the form of sugars that produce waste metabolites, called free radicals. They are responsible for the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines and pimples, in addition to thinning the skin and giving it a dull appearance.
expression lines
Diseases that cause skin problems due to stress
• Acne
•Atopic dermatitis
• dermatitis
• Excoriations
• Alopecia
• Psoriasis
Psoriasis is characterized by the acceleration of the life cycle of cells, which die before their time. They accumulate on the surface of the skin, forming scales and red spots, causing intense itching and even pain. It is a chronic episodic disease. It can disappear for a time to reappear in circumstances that the patient relates to stressful situations.
The severity of psoriasis has been directly related to levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. psoriasis produces social rejection. The patient feels stigmatized and tends to hide them, which is another great stress-generating factor that darkens the prognosis.
Symptoms of stress in women
• Headaches and migraines, especially when the premenstrual period arrives.
• Loss of hair.
• Heartburn.
• Nausea.
• Lack of sexual appetite.
• Crisis of anguish.
• Repetitive urination.
• Muscle pains.

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