By Dr. William Pratt
What is autism?
Autism is a developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. It is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. Autism and its associated behaviors can occur in 1 in 59 individuals.
What is a child with autism?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a brain disorder that you are born with. It affects communication and social interaction and is accompanied by restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.
How does a child with autism behave?
Behavior differences (repetitive and obsessive behaviors) in a child with autism. He prefers routines, order and rites; Has trouble making changes or transitioning from one activity to another. He becomes obsessed with some unusual activities, which he does repeatedly during the day.
What is autism and what are its characteristics?
We define autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects the areas of social interaction, communication skills, and executive and cognitive functions, causing difficulties in learning, play, communication and behavior.
How should a child with autism be treated?
Thus, the guidelines that we propose on how to treat an autistic child are the following.
Act from empathy. …
Anticipate situations or events. …
Provide routines. …
Use alternative communication systems (if necessary) …
Structure your activities. …
It greatly reinforces their positive behavior.
How is the flapping of an autistic child?
They can include a part of the body or the whole body, or even an object or toy. For example, people with an ASD may spend a lot of time repeatedly flapping their arms or rocking from side to side.
How to help socialize a child with autism?
Steps to follow in autism: Older children (6 to 12 years old)
Step 1: Seek support from your child’s school. …
Step 2: Become a Tech Expert. …
Step 3: Organize play meetings and time to socialize with other children. …
Step 4: Get your child moving. …
Step 5: Address your child’s emotional needs. …
Step 6: Prepare for puberty.
What is the worst part of autism?
The degree of severity of autism varies greatly.
The most serious cases are characterized by a complete absence of speech for life and extremely repetitive, unusual, self-injurious and aggressive behaviors. This behavior can persist for a long time and is very difficult to change.
How can autism be cured?
There is no cure for autism spectrum disorder, and there is no one-size-fits-all treatment. The goal of treatment is to maximize your child’s ability to function by reducing symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and supporting development and learning.
What are the different types of autism?
There are 5 main types of autism, so that people who suffer from it can be located at any point on the spectrum:
Childhood disintegration disorder or Heller syndrome.
Pervasive developmental disorder, unspecified.
How to know if I have some degree of autism?
How to Identify the Signs of Autism
Does not maintain eye contact or makes very little eye contact.
Does not respond to the smile or other facial expressions of the parents.
Does not look at objects or events that parents are looking at or pointing to.
Does not point to objects or events to get parents to look at them.
What is the difference between Autism and Asperger’s?
However, some differences can be highlighted, which are the following: Autism manifests itself clearly during the first 3 years of the child’s life, however Asperger’s Syndrome is not so evident since the intellectual capacity of a child with Asperger’s it may be above average.
What is autism grade 1?
Autistic or grade 1 disorder
It is also known as severe autism, and it constitutes the deepest degree of the autism spectrum, this being the most recognized.
How to know if I have adult autism?
What are the signs and symptoms of autism spectrum disorders?
Making little or inconsistent eye contact.
Having a tendency not to see or hear people.
Rarely sharing objects or activities that they like, pointing to them or showing them to others.
How to know if an adult is Asperger?
Poor ability to understand language in the context in which it is used. They do not understand colloquial phrases or irony. They may present a restrictive or repetitive pattern of behavior. They show interest in a specific topic, becoming the only one that interests them.
Basic information about autism spectrum disorder
Brothers and sisters sitting in the tall grass
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral problems. Often times, there are no clues to the appearance of people with ASD that differentiate them from other people, but it is possible for those with an ASD to communicate, interact, behave, and learn differently from other people. The learning, thinking, and problem-solving skills of people with ASD can vary; there are people with very high levels of ability (gifted, or gifted in English) and people who have many difficulties. Some need a lot of help in daily life, while others need less.
Currently, the diagnosis of ASD includes many conditions that used to be diagnosed separately and include autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger’s syndrome. Today, all of these conditions are called autism spectrum disorders.
Signs and symptoms
People with an ASD often have problems with social, emotional, and communication skills. They may repeat certain behaviors or may not want changes in their daily activities. Many people with ASD also have different ways of learning, paying attention, or reacting to things. Some of the signs begin during early childhood and usually last a lifetime.
Children or adults with ASD may have the following characteristics:
Not pointing to objects to show interest (for example, not pointing to a passing airplane).
Not looking at objects when someone else points to them.
Having difficulty relating to others or showing no interest in other people.
Avoid eye contact and want to be alone.
Having trouble understanding other people’s feelings and talking about your own feelings.
Prefer not to hug them, or hug other people only when they want to.
Appear unaware when other people speak to them but respond to other sounds.
Being very interested in people but not knowing how to talk, play or interact with them.
Repeating or imitating words or phrases that are said to them, or repeating words or phrases in place of normal language.
Having difficulty expressing their needs in words or habitual movements.
Do not play pretend games (for example, do not play “feed” a doll).
Repeat actions over and over.
Having difficulty adjusting when there is a change in routine.
Having unusual reactions to the smell, taste, look, feel, or sound of things.
Losing the skills they used to have (for example, stop saying words they used to use).
Learn more about the symptoms »
Learn about developmental milestones for young children »
Diagnosing ASDs can be difficult to make because there are no medical tests, such as a blood test, to diagnose them. To reach a diagnosis, doctors observe the child’s behavior and development.
Sometimes ASDs can be detected at 18 months of age or even earlier. At 2 years of age, the diagnosis made by an experienced professional can be considered very reliable.1 However, many children do not receive a final diagnosis until they are much older. This delay means that there are children with ASD who may not get the early help they need.
Learn more about the diagnosis »
Currently, there is no cure for ASDs. However, research shows that early intervention treatment services can improve the development of these children.2, 3 Early intervention services help children from birth to 3 years (36 months) learn skills important. These services may include therapy to help the child talk, walk, and interact with others. Therefore, it is important to speak with your child’s doctor as soon as possible if you think your child has an ASD or another developmental problem.
Even if your child has not been diagnosed with an ASD, she may be eligible for early intervention treatment services. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) states that children under the age of 3 years (36 months) who are at risk for developmental delays may be eligible for services. Those services are provided through an early intervention system in your state. Through that system, you can request an evaluation.
Also, treating particular symptoms, such as speech therapy for language delays, does not require you to wait until you receive a formal diagnosis of ASD.